What’s the Difference Between Debit and Credit Cards?

Explore the differences between debit cards and credit cards to decide which option is right for you

Debit cards and credit cards have a lot of things in common. They look nearly identical, and both debit and credit cards can give you a fast and convenient way to pay—no matter whether you’re paying in person, online or over the phone. But they also have a number of key differences. And understanding those differences can help you maintain a healthy relationship with your finances.

Read on to learn about how debit and credit cards work and some key differences between the two.

What Is a Debit Card?

A debit card is linked to your checking account and allows you to use the account for purchases. Debit cards can also be used at ATMs for cash withdrawals and other transactions.

How Do Debit Cards Work?

Remember: Your debit card is linked to your checking account. So when you use your debit card to pay for something, you’re using money you already have—and funds are deducted directly from your account.

If you have enough money in your account when you use your debit card for a purchase, you should be good to go. If you don’t have enough money to cover a purchase, a few things could happen:

  • Transactions could be declined.
  • Transactions could be approved. And if you’ve linked your debit card to your savings account, your bank or credit union may automatically transfer funds to your checking account to make up the difference.
  • Transactions could be approved, but your bank or credit union may charge you an overdraft fee. Many banks and credit unions charge a fixed amount for overdraft fees, regardless of how much the transaction is. That means you could be charged even if you overdraw by just a penny. And as the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) explains, “Some banks might charge this fee for every purchase until you put enough money in your account to pay for the things you are buying.”

Capital One provides free overdraft protection and has eliminated overdraft fees. That means that even if you don’t enroll in overdraft protection, transactions that would overdraw your account will be declined and you won’t be charged any fees.

Pros of Debit Cards

There are perks to all different kinds of payment options—including debit cards. Here are a few benefits that come with using a debit card:

  • You can pay using money you already have—without carrying cash or having to write a check.
  • You can use your debit card at ATMs to get cash, make deposits, transfer money and check your balance.
  • When you use your debit card to make an in-store purchase, you can often get cash back as part of the transaction. And that can save you a trip to the ATM.
  • As the FTC explains, “You don’t pay extra money in interest when you pay with a debit card.”
  • Debit cards generally can’t hurt your credit.

Things to Keep in Mind With Debit Cards

Here are a few things to consider when it comes to using debit cards:

  • Liability for a lost or stolen debit card varies, depending on how quickly you report it. But some banks—including Capital One—offer $0 fraud liability if the card is lost or stolen.
  • Debit cards generally can’t help you build credit.

What Is a Credit Card?

In simple terms, a credit card allows you to borrow money in order to make purchases. Every time you use your card, you’re borrowing money from a line of credit.

How much you can borrow is referred to as your credit limit, which is typically based on multiple factors, including your creditworthiness. To help determine your credit limit, lenders typically look at things like your payment history, how often you’ve applied for credit and more. 

How Do Credit Cards Work?

As you use your credit card, your purchases add up. At the end of each billing cycle—usually every 30 days or so—you’ll receive a credit card statement telling you how much you’ve spent, how much you owe and when your payment is due. By paying your credit card bill, you’re paying back the money you borrowed.

If you pay your balance in full on or before your due date every month, you may be able to avoid paying interest.

If you’re not able to pay your balance in full, check how much the minimum payment is. It’s the smallest amount you can pay each billing cycle to keep your account current. Paying your minimum payment on time can help you avoid some potential consequences like late fees and penalties.

Keep in mind that if you pay only the minimum—or more than the minimum but less than your full balance—you may be charged interest on the unpaid portion of your balance.

Want to know more? Learn more about how credit cards work and how credit card interest works.

Pros of Credit Cards

Using your credit card responsibly can help you build a positive credit history and improve or maintain a good credit score. And there are a lot of benefits of having a good credit score.

But building credit isn’t all that credit cards are good for. There are plenty of potential perks that come with using a credit card:

  • Credit cards can provide flexibility, allowing you to borrow money now and pay it back later.
  • Some cards let you earn rewards on the purchases you make. And depending on the type of rewards, you may be able to redeem them on things like travel, cash back, statement credits or gift cards.
  • Federal law provides consumers with some protections against unauthorized credit card use. But some issuers might provide more. For example, Capital One offers $0 Fraud Liability. That means you won’t be responsible for unauthorized purchases if your card is lost or stolen.* 
  • Some credit cards come with benefits provided by the payment networks. For example, some cards have travel benefits like insurance for lost luggage, coverage for trip cancellations or interruptions, and travel assistance services.
  • Your credit card statement can be a great way to track your expenses and help you budget.

Things to Keep in Mind With Credit Cards

Here are a few things to consider when it comes to using credit cards:

  • You could be charged interest if you don’t pay your balance in full every month.
  • There are a variety of potential fees associated with credit cards. Common credit card fees include annual fees and late fees, as well as fees for transactions like balance transfers and cash advances.
  • If you don’t use credit cards responsibly, you could hurt your credit. And a bad credit score can negatively impact applications for loans, housing, employment and more.

Deciding Whether Debit or Credit Is Right for You

Deciding between a debit or credit card depends on your personal needs and financial goals. And depending on your situation, it might be a good idea to have both. 

If you’re looking to limit your spending, a debit card can help you spend only what you already have. And while you should definitely stay on top of your account activity, debit cards don’t require you to pay a bill every month.

Credit cards, on the other hand, can provide flexibility and help you earn rewards on the purchases you make. And if you use credit cards responsibly, they can be a powerful tool for building your credit.

*Claims of unauthorized use or for $0 Fraud Liability are subject to verification and investigation.

Learn more about Capital One’s response to COVID-19 and resources available to customers. For information about COVID-19, head over to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Government and private relief efforts vary by location and may have changed since this article was published. Consult a financial adviser or the relevant government agencies and private lenders for the most current information.

We hope you found this helpful. Our content is not intended to provide legal, investment or financial advice or to indicate that a particular Capital One product or service is available or right for you. For specific advice about your unique circumstances, consider talking with a qualified professional.

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