When it comes to saving for retirement with a 401(k) or IRA, first-time home buyers have a tough call to make. You want to follow your dream, start a family and finally have your own home—but also retire comfortably and on time. So, do you withdraw from your IRA for that house with the perfect backyard? Or tap your 401(k) for a down payment and just wing it when you’re 65?
Actually, it’s possible to buy a home for yourself and save for your future retirement. How? Clamp down on your spending and ramp up your saving so you can retire somewhere sunny and have a place to call your own.
While using your 401(k) funds to buy a house is an option, you may want to consider the long-term effects. On the positive side, you are borrowing money from yourself instead of a lender. But until you repay the loan, your 401(k) earnings take a dive because your retirement fund is investing with less money. That’s less money tomorrow for some quick cash today.
Also, you can only borrow up to 50% of your vested account balance with a $50,000 limit. You’ll have to make 4 large payments each year—plus interest—over the life of the loan. Oh, and that’s on top of your mortgage.
This takes a bite out of your paycheck and opens you up to the 10% early withdrawal penalty if you’re late paying back the loan. Plus, you’ll owe income tax on the full amount you borrow.1
With an IRA, first-time home buyers can borrow up to $10,000 for a down payment without incurring a tax penalty. But if this isn’t your first home and if you’re under 59½ years of age, then you’re going to get hit with a 10% income tax on the entire amount you withdraw from a traditional IRA.
Withdrawing from a Simple IRA instead? You should know up front that you’ll pay 25% in taxes. That’s money better off earning interest in your retirement savings account. But there is good news—if you have a Roth IRA, you won’t pay any taxes or penalties on anything you withdraw. This is one scenario where using your retirement money to buy a house might be a decent option.2
Whether it’s your first home or your sixth, the last thing you want to do is put yourself at a disadvantage later on in life. So be kind to “future you” and put the work in. Get to know your finances, the home-buying process and the percentages that matter:
Your first home is a big step, so using your retirement to buy a house isn’t a light decision. Weigh the pros and cons before withdrawing from your 401(k) or IRA for a down payment. There may be other options (like a strong budget) that hold the key to saving for retirement while purchasing your dream home. You can also check out government home-buying programs meant to help bring costs down, so you can still stay on track for your retirement goals while you start to turn your new house into a home.
This site is for educational purposes. The material provided on this site is not intended to provide legal, investment, or financial advice or to indicate the availability or suitability of any Capital One product or service to your unique circumstances. For specific advice about your unique circumstances, you may wish to consult a qualified professional.
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